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March 30, 2010

Does Strategic Planning Contradict the Holy Spirit?

What the Bible teaches about how churches plan.


I am neck deep in strategic thinking. The school where I teach is engaged in an aggressive strategic planning initiative. We are working with an excellent consulting team and are asking hard but important questions about the present and the future. But all this has got me wondering about the apostles.

The execution of the apostolic mission seems to have been driven as much by Spirit directed intuition (Paul’s ministry in Phrygia and Galatia) and the apparent vagaries of circumstance (the scattering of persecution) as by planning. It is true that Paul planted churches along trade routes and in major cities. But was this a pre-meditated apostolic “strategy?” Or was it simply a consequence of the natural constraints of travel in his day?

It is also true that Jesus revealed the broad outlines of the church’s mission in the Great Commission and in Acts 1:8-9. But I can’t help noticing that he framed this agenda in language that sounds more like a promise than a plan. There is nothing in the early church that resembles the kind of business planning we commonly employ today. No charts. No maps. No slogans.

When the church met to discuss the implications of Paul’s ministry to the Gentiles at the council of Jerusalem in Acts 15, their concerns and conclusions seem to have been driven more by theology than by strategy. Indeed, some of Paul’s actions seem decidedly un-strategic. He ignored some opportunities for expansion because he did not have a sense of liberty from the Holy Spirit. He refused to “contextualize” his preaching style to suit the preferences of the Corinthians.

What does this mean for the church’s practice of “strategery?” I do not think it invalidates it. If anything, it gives us a certain freedom to embrace the process and trust God to work through it. At the same time, the apostolic example is an important reminder that the Holy Spirit does not deal with the church as if it were an elegant machine. The church’s operations are organic not mechanical. There is a place for planning, progress and, yes, strategy. But the church is also a place of chaos, mystery and creation. The Spirit continues to brood over the church just as he did over the waters of creation. He will not stop until the work is finished.

John Koessler serves as chair and professor of the Department of Pastoral Studies at the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago, Illinois. John, an "Ask the Expert" for BuildingChurchLeaders.com, is the author of several books, including A Stranger in the House of God (Zondervan) and True Discipleship: The Art of Following Jesus (Moody). Read his blog at http://johnkoessler.wordpress.com/.

Related Tags: administration, business administrators, executive pastors, leadership, pastors, planning, staff


I think this is a pretty thoughtful article. Being led by the Holy Spirit and developing plans to lay before Him are not contradictory. I think sadly that many pastors are not comfortable or gifted enough in the planning realm, or secure enough to bring others alongside in this area.

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